Aufschlüsselung nach Ländern (bcm)

Welt

-1.4%

Erste Senkung des Gasverbrauchs in den USA seit 2009.

Asien und Russland erhöhen ihren Erdgasverbrauch (3%)

Der seit 2014 zunehmende globale Gasverbrauch ist im Jahr 2017 noch schneller gewachsen und wird von Asien vorangetrieben: die Region verursacht 1/3 der zusätzlichen Nachfrage. China stellt den größten Beiträger zum Gasverbrauchsanstieg dar, was seine Substitutionspolitik von Kohle durch Gas widerspiegelt. Dazu hat das Wirtschaftswachstum die Gasnachfrage in Indien, Japan und Südkorea (inkl. niedrige Verfügbarkeit der Nuklearkraft in diesen zwei Ländern) gefördert.
Die wirtschaftliche Erholung sowie größte Wärmebedürfnisse haben die russische Gasförderung angekurbelt; das Land macht etwa ¼ der zusätzlichen globalen Nachfrage aus.
Gasverbrauch wächst auch im Nahen Osten kontinuierlich weiter, insbesondere in Iran und Saudi-Arabien, sowie in Afrika, hauptsächlich in Ägypten (Erhöhung der inländischen Erzeugung) und in Nigeria.
Die verbesserten Wirtschafsbedingungen sowie eine niedrigste Verfügbarkeit der Nuklear- und Wasserkraftkapazitäten in Europa haben zu erneuerter Erhöhung des Gasverbrauchs beigetragen, insbesondere in Deutschland und in Südeuropa (in der Türkei, Italien, Spanien und Portugal). Sie sinkt aber im Vereinigten Königreich aufgrund milder Temperatur und starkes Wettbewerbs zwischen erneuerbaren Energiequellen und anderen Stromerzeugungsquellen.
In Nordamerika sinkt der USA Gasverbrauch nach sieben Jahren wieder. Die Gründe dafür sind eine niedrige Stromnachfrage, der Wettbewerb zwischen erneuerbaren Energiequellen und konventionellen Quellen sowie eine relativ höhe Erzeugung aus Wasserkraft. In Kanada steigt der Gasverbrauch an.

Globale Energietrends - Ausgabe 2018

Auf der Grundlage von 2017-Daten für G20-Länder, Enerdata analysiert die Trends der weltweiten Energiemärkte.

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

Zugang zu der umfassendsten und aktuellsten Datenbank über Energieversorgung, Nachfrage, Preise und Treibhausgasemissionen (186 Länder).

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22
May

Residential energy prices in the European Union rose in 2018

According to Eurostat, residential energy prices continued to increase between the second half of 2017 and the second half of 2018, with electricity prices rising by 3.5% to an average of €21.1c/kWh and rising by 5.7% for gas to an average of €6.7c/kWh.

The highest increase in residential electricity prices occurred in Cyprus (+20%), Spain (+14%), the Netherlands (+9.7%), the United Kingdom (+8.6%), Ireland (+7.8%) and Estonia (+7.5%), while prices decreased in only four countries: Latvia (-4.5%), Poland (-2.5%), Germany (-1.6%) and Lithuania (-0.9%). The highest electricity prices were recorded in Denmark (€31.2c/kWh), followed by Germany (€30c/kWh) and Belgium (€29.4c/kWh), while the lowest prices were posted in Bulgaria (€10.1c/kWh), Lithuania (€11c/kWh) and Hungary (€11.2c/kWh).

In the second half of 2018, residential gas prices ranged from below €4c/kWh in Hungary, Romania and Croatia to around €9c/kWh in the Netherlands, Spain, Denmark and Italy and more than €12c/kWh in Sweden. Prices rose by more than 17% in Ireland and by more than 16% in Bulgaria, Sweden and Romania, whereas they contracted in Croatia (-2.5%), Portugal (-1.9%), Hungary (-0.4%) and Germany (-0.2%).

On average, taxes and levies in the EU accounted for more than 1/3 (37%) of the residential electricity price in the second half of 2018, and for more than a quarter (27%) of the gas price.

15
May

Over 21 GW of hydropower capacity added worldwide in 2018

According to the 2019 Hydropower Status Report released by the International Hydropower Association, around 21.8 GW of new hydropower capacities were commissioned in 2018, including nearly 2 GW of pumped-storage. Most of this new capacity was added in the East-Asia and Pacific region (nearly 9.2 GW installed, including 8.5 GW in China), followed by South America (4.9 GW, of which 3.9 GW were in Brazil), South and Central Asia (4 GW, including 2.5 GW in Pakistan), Europe (2.2 GW, half of which was in Turkey), Africa (1 GW, of which 0.7 GW in Angola) and North and Central America (0.6 GW).

At the end of 2018, global hydropower capacity stood at nearly 1,300 GW, of which over a quarter was located in China (352 GW), followed by Brazil (104 GW), the United States (103 GW) and Canada (81 GW): these four countries accounted for half of global capacities at the end of 2018 and Brazil overtook the United States as the second largest producer by capacity, after more than 3 GW were added at the 11 GW Belo Monte hydropower complex. Overall, hydropower generated 4,200 TWh in 2018.

10
May

CO2 emissions decreased by 2.5% in the EU

According to Eurostat's early estimates for the year 2018, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased by 2.5% in the European Union (EU) compared to 2017 levels. Although Germany reduced significantly is CO2 emissions in 2018 (-5.4%), the country remains Europe's largest carbon emitter with a 22.5% share of EU's total CO2 emissions in 2018, followed by the United Kingdom with a share of 11.4%.

With a rise of 3.5% of its energy-related emissions, Poland has become EU's third largest CO2 emitter in 2018, with a 10.3% share in total emissions, exceeding France and Italy (10% each)

Remarquable energy-related CO2 emission reductions where recorded in Portugal (-9.0%), Bulgaria (-8.1%), Ireland (-6.8%), the Netherlands (-4.6%) and Croatia (-4.3%), Greece (-.36%), France (-3.5%), Italy (-3.5%) and Spain (-3.2%

Conserversely, countries that have registered an increase in emissions were Latvia (+8.5%), Malta (+6.7%), Estonia (+4.5%), Luxembourg (+3.7%), Poland (+3.5%), Slovakia (+2.4%), Finland (+1.9%) and Lithuania (+0.6%).

10
May

Kenya produces 86% of its power from renewables in 2018

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics' 2019 Economic Survey, the country total electricity demand increased by 8% (to 11.2 TWh) in 2018. The country increased its renewable power output significantly, including a 43.6% growth in hydropower (to 4 TWh), while thermal power generation has been reduced by 39% and power imports decreased by 43%. Eventually, around 86% of total power was from renewables in 2018, with 46% from geothermal (with 663 MW of installed capacity), 36% from hydropower, 14% thermal and 3% from wind.

Wind and solar deployments in 2018 were also major with the commissioning of the 310 MW Lake Turkana wind power plant and the 50 MW Garissa solar park (83 MW). These deployments allowed for a 13.7% increase in total installed capacity to 2,712 MW. Wind capacity reached 367 MW and there was a 500% increase in wind power generation from 61.3 GWh in 2017 to 375.6 GWh in 2018.

The country also recorded a 3.2% decline of its oil imports, from 6.3 Mt in 2017 to 6.1 Mt in 2018.