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According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) benefited from a 29% increase of their net oil revenues in 2017 to US$567bn compared with 2016, thanks to both the increase in crude oil prices and in net oil exports. The EIA predicts that these revenues are likely to continue to ramp up in 2018 to US$736bn (+30%), following the annual crude oil prices trends. However, they could decline starting from 2019, by 2.4% to US$719bn, driven mainly by lower prices and by slightly lower OPEC production and exports to a lesser extent.
Russian state-run energy company Gazprom is discussing with the Hungarian government regarding the delivery of future gas supplies, since current gas supply agreements expire at the end of 2019. The discussion will also include other issues such as the development of the Hungarian gas transmission system and the prospects of storing Gazprom's fuel in Hungarian underground gas storage (UGS) facilities.
US-based LNG project developer Cheniere Energy has signed a sales and purchase agreement with the global trader Vitol, under which Vitol agreed to purchase 0.7 Mt/year (roughly 0.95 bcm/year) of LNG from Cheniere on a free on board basis for a term of approximately 15 years beginning in 2018. The contract's purchase price is indexed to the monthly Henry Hub price and includes a fee.
Belgian engineering firm Besix has completed the design and the construction of the 8.2 bcm/year Bahrain LNG import terminal offshore Muharraq Island in Bahrain. The €126m (US$147m) project, expected in the first quarter of 2019, is critical for Bahrain and will help meet the country's increasing demand for gas to fuel its development.