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CO2 Intensität

Verlangsamter Rückgang der globalen CO2-Intensität im Jahr 2020 (-1,3 %)

CO2 Intensität

Verlangsamter Rückgang der globalen CO2-Intensität im Jahr 2020 (-1,3 %)

Aufschlüsselung nach Ländern (kCO2/$15p)
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Welt

Tendenzen 1990 - 2020 - kCO2/$15p

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-5 %


Rückgang der CO2-Intensität in der EU im Jahr 2020 auf 55 % des globalen Durchschnitts

Verlangsamter Rückgang der globalen CO2-Intensität im Jahr 2020 (-1,3 %)

2020 ging die CO2-Intensität um 1,3 % zurück, da die COVID-19-Pandemie die Brennstoffumstellung von Kohle auf Erdgas und EE im Energiesektor beschleunigte und den Ölverbrauch im Transport stark senkte. Dieser Rückgang ist geringer als im Zeitraum 2010-2019 (-2,3 %/Jahr), da die wirtschaftliche Rezession auch die weniger CO2-intensiven Sektoren wie den Dienstleistungssektor beeinträchtigte. Die CO2-Intensität ging in den OECD-Ländern deutlich und sehr viel schneller als im Zeitraum 2000-2019 zurück (-7,5 % in den USA, -5 % in der EU, -11 % in Kanada, -5,4 % in Südkorea). Einen leichten Rückgang verzeichnete sie in China (-0,2 %, bleibt aber immer noch 63 % über dem globalen Durchschnitt), Russland (-2,3 %) und Australien. Außerdem schrumpfte sie in Lateinamerika (Abwärtstrend, insbesondere in Brasilien und Mexiko) und Afrika (Rückgang in Ägypten und Algerien, aber Anstieg in Südafrika und Nigeria). Die CO2-Intensität stieg leicht in Asien (+0,5 %), wenn auch mit unterschiedlichen Trends in den einzelnen Ländern (Anstieg in Indien und Thailand, wo das BIP um 8 % gefallen war, aber Rückgang in Japan und Indonesien). Eine steigende Tendenz war auch im Mittleren Osten zu beobachten, wo die Energieintensität (Energieverbrauch pro BIP-Einheit) 2020 gestiegen ist.

Globale Energietrends - Ausgabe 2021

Konsolidierte Energie- und Emissionsstatistiken für 2020 mit Schätzungen für 2021, einschließlich Covid-19-Auswirkungen und strukturelle Veränderungen

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Weltweite Energie- & CO2 Daten

Need more data? All the information presented in this energy data tool are extracted from Global Energy & CO2 Data service, the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on all CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by sector and sources, industrial process, waste, but also on CH4, N2O, PFC, SF6 emissions. Detailed indicators are available by country and by sector.

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14

Jan

In 2021, Norway produced 2.03 mbl/d of liquids (+1.2%), including 1.76 mbl/d of crude oil (+4%), and 113 bcm of natural gas (+2.6%), according to the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The additional production is related to five fields starting production in 2021, namely Duva, Yme (older field which was restarted), Solveig, Martin Linge in the North Sea and Ærfugl in the northern Norwegian Sea. Moreover, the first phase of the Johan Sverdrup field in the North Sea was in full operation (second phase expected in 2022); when fully operational, it should account for 35% of oil production on the Norwegian shelf. Between 2021 and 2026, the liquid output is forecasted to increase by 1.4%/year to 2.17 mb/d in 2026, including +1.2%/year for crude oil, while the gas production should expand by 0.8%/year to 118 bcm in 2026.

13

Jan

Turkey's power generation rose by 13% in 2021 compared to 2020, according to the country's power transmission system operator Türkiye Elektrik İletim A.Ş. (TEİAŞ), and electricity exports surged by nearly 69% to 4.2 TWh (imports grew by over 23% to 1.9 TWh). Electricity consumption also increased by 12% in 2021.

11

Jan

Renewables accounted for 59% of Portugal's power consumption in 2021, with 26% of wind, 23% of hydropower, 7% of biomass and 3.5% of solar photovoltaic (PV), according to the Portuguese power transmission system operator Redes Energéticas Nacionais (REN). Solar power generation surged by 37% during the year. Non-renewable energy sources supplied 31% of electricity consumption in Portugal, with 29% of gas and 2% coal - the last remaining coal-fired power plant in Pego (628 MW) was shut down in November 2021 - and electricity imports accounted for the remaining 10%. Electricity consumption increased by 1.4% in 2021 but remains 1.7% below the 2019 level, whereas natural gas consumption declined by 4.6%, due to a 1.5% drop in the conventional segment and a 10% fall in the electricity production segment.

11

Jan

According to the Belgian power transmission system operator (TSO) Elia, nuclear accounted for 52% of Belgium's electricity generation in 2021 (compared to 40% in 2020) thanks to the high availability of the nuclear fleet, followed by natural gas (25%, compared to 35% in 2020), wind (12%, including 7% offshore) and solar (5%). Wind and solar power generation slightly increased in 2021 (+2%), mainly due to an increase in installed onshore (11%) and solar (17%) generation; offshore wind generation remained stable. Since 2019, Belgium has been a net electricity exporter, with 6.6 TWh of net exports in 2021. In 2021, exports increased by 59% to 21.7 TWh. Electricity consumption grew by 4% in 2021 to 84.2 TWh, and remains only 1% below the 2019 level. The average price of electricity tripled between 2020 and 2021 from €31.9/MWh in 2020 to €98.2/MWh in 2021, mainly due to high gas prices.